System with three Earth-sized planets discovered

Scientists Discover New Planet'EPIC 211945201 600 Light Years Away at Mount Abu Observatory

"Such a discovery is of importance for understanding the formation mechanism of such super-Neptune or sub-Saturn kind of planets that are too close to the host star". India has joined the elite club of a handful of countries with this discovery of new planets around stars. The host star is named EPIC 211945201 or K2-236.

The exoplanet is reported to be smaller than Saturn but bigger than Neptune. The planet that revolves around the sun was discovered by measuring its mass by "PRL Advance Radial-velocity Abu-Sky Search" (PARAS) spectrograph integrated with 1.2m telescope at PRL's Gurushikar Observatory in Mount Abu. The system features a red dwarf star called K2-239 and at least three rocky planets with the same size as the Earth.

On the other hand, only a few such accurate and powerful spectrographs exist around the world, the majority of which being in the U.S. and Europe. It is closer to Neptune, he added.

It is being reported that when it comes to the temperature of the three planets that are the same size as Earth, this is where the similarity ends as they would nearly certainly have surface temperatures that are much higher than our planet owing to the intense radiation given by the red dwarf star they orbit. Now, a trio of new rocky worlds has been discovered orbiting a distant star, and while they're a lot like Earth in terms of size, they're a bit steamier.

EPIC 211945201b's mass is around 27 times that of Earth's and it's estimated to be around six times greater in radius.

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However, calculations suggest that the heavy elements, ice, silicates, and iron content are 60-70 % of the total mass.

Asked for his view, Jayant Murthy, senior professor of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru, said Dr. Chakraborty's group is the only one in the country doing this important work and has spent several years in developing the facility.

Importantly, this discovery could help scientists understand how these types of planets form so close to their host star.

The universe keeps puzzling and intriguing curious humans as they persist in their hunt for habitable planets. "Over the next few years, I expect that they will be able to make further contributions to this exciting field of astronomy".

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